Female Workforce

Аccording to the analysis of the article that there are several reasons that have encouraged women to be more active in the workforce.


What reasons does Drexler give for the changes in the workplace?

According to the article, there are several identifying reasons that spurred women to be a more active workforce. On the one hand, the whole culture of the generation born after 1980s face the boost of initiatives and programs aiming to encourage females to achieve more and seek self-fulfillment. On the other hand, companies themselves initiate and support the empowerment of women. What is more, their growing ambition is the result of a new reality that has gradually developed with women’s rights. As a result, men should respond to the transformed environment. Hence, these changes in the workplace are the aftermath of certain trends in social, working, and political policies.

How does she say men are responding to them?

In general, Drexler argues that the common perception of men’s response towards women’s careers is positive. Notably, the males feel comfortable and demonstrate acceptance of high-achieving women. However, the author elite essay of underlines that there exist three different attitudes in reality. The first group has a hostile mindset and considers the growing number of women in the workplace an invasion. The second part does not pay much attention to economic effects of females’ employment because they see masculinity as the inner sense. The third category, being the largest and the most apolitical, has a positive attitude towards female workforce. In addition, men can sometimes take more negative attitude thinking that women get unfair advantages only because of her sex. As a result, the author refutes the common assumption about male’s positive attitude demonstrating that the majority is rather ambivalent.

What statistics does she provide that women are in some respects aspiring to do better and also achieving more in the workplace?

The aspiration to achieve more in the workplace can be traced on personal, company, and recruiting levels. The latest research conducted by the Pew Research Center indicates that the number of women who strive to achieve success in their careers as their life’s goal has already surpassed men’s rate: 67 percent vs. 60 percent correspondingly. Furthermore, the companies support women by creating and financing women affinity groups. For instance, almost 90 percent of Fortune 500 companies are involved in such activities. Finally, only around 50 percent of senior and managerial positions are currently occupied by women. Thus, this statistic demonstrates that employers themselves are highly interested in hiring professionals regardless of their gender.

Does he have areas of agreement with Drexler and what are they? Where does he agree with her? How does Berlatsky disagree with Drexler?

The position of Berlatsky has some pros and cons towards Drexler’s views. On the one hand, Berlatsky agrees that gender roles have indeed changed. On the other hand, he rejects the idea that it has started only from 1980s. Notably, the author argues that the core shifts in workforce appeared after the World War II when women started to occupy low-paid sales and clerical jobs. Moreover, Berlatsky supports the statement that women receive additional backing. However, he does not qualify programs or scholarship as such support, but rather the invention of contraception. For instance, the author underlines that with the introduction of birth control pills females got a chance to combine their motherhood and career having more control over their lives and being more active in their workplace. Berlatsky traces the other important issues in terms of jobs competition from shifts in economic development, but not from the different attitudes towards this situation. In particular, the statistics demonstrate that, despite the raise of Americans’ purchasing power, the real rate of wages has dropped over the time. As a result, a man is not able to singlehandedly support his family meaning that a woman cannot remain housewives any longer. All in all, even though Berlatsky agrees with some basic Drexler’s ideas, he refutes most of them by putting the emphasis on different factors.

What are Berlatsky’s recommendations for action?

Based on his views, Berlatsky proposes a peculiar approach for action in the new age. In particular, the author underlines that the priority should be given to analyzing the situation from the perspective of changing class relations as the part of broader adjustments in social relations. What is more, Berlatsky concludes that the active involvement of women in the workforce is a part of a longer process, where the generation of Millennials is only a small segment of it. As a result, the author supports the argumentation about men’s complaints and women’s leaning in being useless because it does not depict the real changing landscape with all its factors and elements. Altogether, Berlatsky recommends encountering the broad scope of social and historic background while analyzing the workforce rather than focusing on gender rhetoric.

In you experience is it true that Millennial men are “slackers” who are falling behind women of their age in education and career achievement?

Personally, I have a neutral position towards the statement that Millennial men are “slackers”. On the one hand, women indeed got a huge boost in education and career development opportunities. At the same time, it does not mean that men have become chairwarmers right away as they still pursue education and work like before. For instance, only in 2012, two million men were taking paternity leave in the USA (United States Department of Labor). That means, a man decides to take paternal leave and stay with a child, he takes responsibilities that were previously referred to only as feminine ones. On the other hand, some percentage of men can take advantage of new tendencies avoiding getting proper education and responsibilities. However, such type of people who are opportunists or slackers has always existed in the society. In general, while analyzing the whole generation, it is not appropriate to call all Millennial men “slackers” because it depends on a person, culture, and traditions in the society. Therefore, I do not fully agree with this assumption.